Metuchen High School: GIMP


1. Basic Editing

4 points


Three basic editing techniques that you will probably use on most of the images you work with are: 1) resize, 2) crop and 3) adjust brightness / contrast.


At times you may want to adjust the size of an image.  An image from a digital camera, for example, may be too large for display on a web page.  If you resize it before adding it to a web page, it will look fine and will load faster.

To change an image's size, choose Image - Scale Image (keyboard shortcut: ALT-I S).  Then under Image Size adjust the width or the height.  if the width and height boxes are linked together, the image's shape (its ratio of vertical to horizontal) will be unchanged.  When you're happy with the image's size, click on Scale.

This link has information on resizing an image:


Cropping an image involves retaining some of an image and losing the rest.  This link shows an example of cropping:

Sometimes you crop an image in order to change the ratio of its vertical to its horizontal dimension.  For example, if you're going to print the image on 5" x 7" paper, you could crop it so that the ratio of the 2 sides is 5 : 7.

To crop an image, choose the Rectangle Select tool from the Toolbox and select some of the image.  Double-click the Rectangle Select tool in the Toolbox to bring up the Tools Options menu. If you want the vertical-to-horizontal ratio to be constant, in the Tool Options menu click the box to the left of Fixed. To the right, select Aspect Ratio and enter the ratio in the box.

If you want a ratio of 7 to 5, for example, enter 7:5 or 5:7 in the box (as done in the image above).  In that row, to the right, you can then toggle between a vertical selection and a horizontal selection.  When you're happy with how the crop looks, choose Image - Crop to Selection (keyboard shortcut ALT-I C) to make the crop.


Adjust Brightness-Contrast

You will often want to adjust the brightness and/or contrast of an image.  To do this, choose Colors - Brightness-Contrast (keyboard shortcut: ALT-C r).  Drag the brightness and/or contrast slides to the left or right and click OK.


Download these 2 images.  Right-click and choose "Save Target As" or "Save Image As".

For each image, first crop it to a ratio of 5:7 (as if you were planning to print the image as a 5" x 7").  Then change the image's longer dimension to be 400 pixels.  Then use the Brightness-Contrast tool to make the image look more appealing.

GIMP Links